Read e-book online The Polythink Syndrome: U.S. Foreign Policy Decisions on PDF

By Alex Mintz,Carly Wayne

Why do presidents and their advisors usually make sub-optimal judgements on army intervention, escalation, de-escalation, and termination of conflicts?
The prime notion of workforce dynamics, groupthink, bargains one clarification: policy-making teams make sub-optimal judgements as a result of their wish for conformity and uniformity over dissent, resulting in a failure to contemplate different proper probabilities. yet presidential advisory teams are usually fragmented and divisive. This ebook hence scrutinizes polythink, a gaggle decision-making dynamic wherein diverse individuals in a decision-making unit espouse a plurality of evaluations and divergent coverage prescriptions, leading to a disjointed decision-making procedure or maybe choice paralysis.

The booklet analyzes 11 nationwide protection judgements, together with the nationwide safeguard coverage designed sooner than the terrorist assaults of Sep 11, the selections to go into into and withdraw from Afghanistan and Iraq, the 2007 "surge" determination, the situation over the Iranian nuclear application, the UN protection Council choice at the Syrian Civil struggle, the faltering Kerry Peace technique within the heart East, and the U.S. choice on army operations opposed to ISIS.

Based at the research of those case reports, the authors tackle implications of the polythink phenomenon, together with prescriptions for keeping off and/or overcoming it, and advance suggestions and instruments for what they name Productive Polythink. The authors additionally exhibit the applicability of polythink to enterprise, undefined, and daily decisions.

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The Polythink Syndrome: U.S. Foreign Policy Decisions on 9/11, Afghanistan, Iraq, Iran, Syria, and ISIS by Alex Mintz,Carly Wayne

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