By Sonja Wolf
In 1992, on the finish of a twelve-year civil warfare, El Salvador was once poised for a transition to democracy. but, after longstanding dominance by way of a small oligarchy that regularly used violence to repress renowned resistance, El Salvador’s democracy has confirmed to be a delicate one, as social ills (poverty leader between them) have given upward push to neighborhoods the place gang job now flourishes. Mano Dura examines the ways that the ruling enviornment social gathering used gang violence to solidify political energy within the fingers of the elite—culminating in draconian “iron fist” antigang guidelines that undermine human rights whereas eventually doing little to deal with the roots of gang membership.
Drawing on vast ethnographic fieldwork and coverage research, Mano Dura examines the actions of 3 nongovernmental firms (NGOs) that experience endorsed for extra nuanced regulations to remove gangs and the societal concerns which are either a reason and an impression of gang proliferation. whereas different reports of highway gangs have taken with quite far away nations equivalent to Colombia, Argentina, and Jamaica, Sonja Wolf’s examine takes us to a rustic in the direction of the USA, the place compelled deportation has introduced with it US gang tradition. Charting the constrained good fortune of NGOs in influencing El Salvador’s protection regulations, the e-book brings to gentle key contextual aspects—including myopic media insurance and the ironic populist aid for area, regardless of the party’s defense of the elite on the fee of the larger society.
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Extra info for Mano Dura: The Politics of Gang Control in El Salvador
Mano Dura: The Politics of Gang Control in El Salvador by Sonja Wolf